FE Use of Arc Mapping/Arc Fault Circuit Analysis in a Residential Kitchen Fire Investigation
Keywords:Electrical survey, Arc, Arc-Site, Arc Mapping, Area of Origin, Point of Origin, Fire Effects, Fire Patterns, Electrical Safety, NFPA 70E, Forensic Engineering, arc fault circuit analysis
A fire occurred in a single-story, single-family residence. At the time of the fire, two individuals (a husband and wife) occupied the residence. During the early morning hours, the wife was awakened by the smell of smoke, and discovered a fire in the kitchen. Initially, the area of origin for the fire was the kitchen. Utilizing arc mapping, the area of origin was further defined. This enabled fire investigators to use available fire effects to ultimately determine the point of origin and cause of the fire. The intent of this paper is to detail those efforts, enabling others to benefit from this case study.
Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace, NFPA 70E, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, 2018 Edition.
L. I. Rothschild, “Some Fundamental Electrical Concepts in Locating the Cause and Origin of a Fire,” JotNAFE, vol. 3, no. 2, Jan. 1986.
Delplace, M. and Vos, E. “Electric Short Circuits Help the Investigator Determine Where the Fire Started,” Fire Technology 19, 185–191 (1983).
NicDaeid, N. and Carey, N., “2010 Arc Mapping,” Fire and Arson Investigator, vol. 61, pp. 34-37, Oct. 2010.
H.W. Beauty and S. Santoso, Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, 17th Edition. New York, NY USA: McGraw Hill, 2018.
L. Liptai and J. Cecil, “Forensic Engineering and the Scientific Method,” Journal of the National Academy of Forensic Engineers, vol. XXVI, no. 1, 2009.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of the National Academy of Forensic Engineers
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
All rights © Journal of the National Academy of Forensic Engineers.
Full statement regarding the author's license of copyright to the NAFE is shown on the Copyright section of the Submissions Page.