Forensic Engineering Investigation of Above-Ground Pool Submersion Accidents

Authors

  • Richard Ziernicki
  • William H. Pierce

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51501/jotnafe.v32i2.15

Keywords:

Swimming pool, above-ground pool, submersion, drowning, defective product, unreasonable dangerous product, pool ladder, guarding

Abstract

In the United States, approximately 35 children under the age of five years old drown each year after access-ing above-ground pools via pool ladders. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) data also shows that approximately 486 additional children sustain submersion-related injuries after accessing above-ground pools via pool ladders. In many cases, these events occurred during brief lapses of adult supervision. This paper fo-cuses on potential product defect issues related to child submersion accidents, including the role of user manuals, alternative designs, warnings, instructions, and child behavior testing. The authors examine the issues related to the investigation of above-ground swimming pool submersion accidents. In addition, procedures and steps are outlined that may be useful in analyzing whether the swimming pool is defective and unreasonably dangerous.

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Published

2015-01-01

How to Cite

Ziernicki, Richard, and William H. Pierce. 2015. “Forensic Engineering Investigation of Above-Ground Pool Submersion Accidents”. Journal of the National Academy of Forensic Engineers 32 (2). https://doi.org/10.51501/jotnafe.v32i2.15.

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Section

Articles